A speech-language pathologist (SLP) is a highly-trained professional who evaluates and treats children and adults who have difficulty with speech or language. Although people often think of speech and language as the same thing, the terms actually have very different meanings. If your child has trouble with speech, he/ she struggles with the "how-to" of talking-the coordination of the muscles and movements necessary to produce speech. If your child has trouble with language, he/she struggles with understanding what he/she hears or sees. Your child may struggle to find the right words and/or organize those words in a meaningful way to communicate a message or hold a conversation.
Below is a list of common speech and language disorders with a brief explanation of each.
Articulation - the way we say our speech sounds
Phonology - the speech patterns we use
Apraxia - difficulty planning and coordinating the movements needed to make speech sounds.
Fluency - stuttering
Voice - problems with the way the voice sounds, such as hoarseness.
Receptive Language - difficulty understanding language
Expressive Language - difficulty using language
Pragmatic Language - social communication; the way we speak to each other.
Deafness/Hearing Loss - loss of hearing; therapy includes developing lip-reading, speech, and/or alternative communication systems.